Author Archive Jerry Hill

essay

Abstract Essay

Discrimination in the workplace is mainly caused by stereotyping. I plan to create a huge project to show you how stereotyping can affect on your life. It’s gonna be a ton of essays from many people. Can someone write my essay for me? It’s not a joke. I feel like this research project will be legendary for students and every young person. Lets talk about it in this (first) essay.

A stereotype is a permanent generalizing belief concerning a specific group or category of persons. The convictions have both merits and demerits. For instance, stereotypes enhance our response to situations because we have fixed beliefs about the matter. On the contrary, the concept of generalization can make us ignore some people through assumptions that may not be true. Stereotypes more often lead to prejudice as a result of social categorization. While some of these beliefs are positive, most of them have a negative impression about the subject. This paper will establish how to deal with the discrimination associated with the common stereotypes and ensuring that employee rights are protected.

Cultural Competency Training

In this study cultural competence is the main focus. Cultural competence is defined as the capacity for individuals to improve their knowledge of cultural differences. Through cultural competence people are able to change behavior and thought to address bias by acknowledging the existence of cultural diversity (Foucault, 2013).

Preparations for the Workshop

Resources

Since the workshop is mainly for the employees, it will be beneficial to take advantage of the present staff as the project administrators. Among the staff are counselors and non-staff members who can play major roles in the program. Staff members who are experienced on this field should also be sought after.

Motivation and Education of Employees

In order for the program to be successful it is important that employees are willing to learn and change. They should also be willing to engage in the discussion and resource materials necessary for the workshop to be a success.

Task Force

Having a cultural competence task force will go a long way as the group will lead the general assessment and will also plan, evaluate, carry out cultural competence initiatives and act as the forerunners of the general program. The task force should include representatives from every level, for instance it should include administrators, employees, and the subordinate staff. In order to improve the effectiveness, the task force can be divided into different groups and each be tasked with different areas of focus (Winefield & Chur‐Hansen, 2000).

Outsourcing Information

It is beneficial for the program if enough research is made before the workshop kicks off. There are programs that have already been developed by different companies to deal with cultural compliance. Going through such programs will equip the administrators with vital information and knowledge on how to improve the effectiveness of the program. The administrator or planner is also allowed to hire professionals from to aid in the program (Harvey et al. 2001).

Day Schedule for the Workshop

Title Cultural Compliance
Opening ·         Introductions

·         Objectives of the Workshop

·         Agenda

·         Focus on Cultural Competency

·         Training Strategies

·         Principles

Training Objectives ·         Come up with a  framework for cultural competency

·         Establish awareness of personal stages of cultural competence

·         Explain the meaning culturally competent skills in cross-cultural communication and service delivery

·         Offer practical learning experiences for skill establishment in culturally competent strategies and application

·         Establish an action plan on how to become culturally competent

Knowledge ·         Diversity scope

·         Features of Cultural Competency

·         Bennett Model of Cultural Competency

·         Personal Continuum of Cultural Competence

Awareness ·         Definition of common terms

·         barriers to Cross-Cultural Communication

Action Plans Offer Individual Worksheets for Self and Agency
Closing De-brief , Conclusions, Evaluations, and Certificates

Conclusion

During the work shop, employees will go through various assessments steps that will enable them understand beliefs and attitudes about cultural identities. Understanding culture is important in every business organization as it establishes an honoring culture between employees and customers and also within between fellow employees. The workshop will come up with an action plan that will help the employees become culturally competent in the workplace.

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Essay 2: Summary of the case

This a case where there auditor of financial statements of Fred, storm company; the auditor touché, Niven & co. Public Accountants. The users of the financial statements rely on this reports to make a decision such as giving out loans and also giving goods on credit.

Fred, Storm Company

The storm was trading in rubber and raw materials, which needed much working capital. The stern company sought a loan from Trams Company of $100,000.In response, trams requested for an audited financial statement which they gave out as audited by touché, Niven and company. Convinced by an unqualified report by an independent auditor, they gave the loan and even after some time gave the other loan of $65,00.

Fred stern also got other two loans amounting $300,000 from a bank using the same audited financial statements as at 31st December 1923.However, in 1925, the Fred stern was declared bankrupt.

In response, the ultra-mesh sued the audited for being fraudulent and negligence. In the case of ultramarines corporation vs. touché. Ultram’s alleged that the Auditor would be keen enough to notice over estimation of accounts receivables by $700,000.

Ultimate’s civil suit which was against Touché was before a jury this was in New York. The plaintiff complained that the auditor should have discovered the overstated account receivables.

In February 1924, series which was doing most of his field work went to Sterns office to do his Audit. He saw that Stern’s general ledger had been not posted since April 1923.Befor he prepared trial balance, Romberg who was Sterns accountant made some entries in general ledger but this lack support document in the court even for the sites

The courts acknowledged that sampling was necessary for the touché auditor.  However, the sales for December were suspicious. It emerged in the court that trams noted that touché had more reasons concerning net worth of storm, which some assets had been used as collateral security for securing some loans for the stern company. The court then ruled that the touché Failed to be skeptical enough. The case of fraud got dismissed.

However, the court was able to state that the auditor committed negligence and trams were awarded $186,000 as damages.

At the high court, Touché attorneys appealed to the court of recourse. The chief justice who as scholar and whose opinion were highly respected gave his ruling. He supported the negligence decision for usernames case hence maintaining that touché where responsible and had a duty of care to trams. He said that Touché where not solely accountable to unforeseen beneficiary

Answers to the question

Item 1.

The court should socialize this loses to the primary. This would have the following benefits.

The accounting firm should know that they owe a duty of care to the users of financial statements. This means the accounting firm will be more skeptical when performing their work. As a result, the business would be reliable, and any user would use them without fear.

On the third part, they will be able to make a sound opinion based on audited financial statements and can always sue for damages if there is a violation of duty of care, they incur damages and losses while making a decision based on the audited statements.

On the other hand, the audit clients will benefit from this because their financial statements will be trusted by the potential investor, creditors in advancing loans like for the case frames vs. Touché Company. The company will use these comments any time they want to get an external source of capital.

However, there will be cost of such if such socializing takes place. For example, if any company suffers losses on relying on the audited statements, then sued the accounting firm as it confirmed they didn’t excise the duty of care, they will pay for such damages hence this exposing accounting firm to more risk.

In my opinion, the court should be responsible

 Question 2.

The audit of legal responsibility for the security exchange differs. This is because initially, each company could choose its policies when preparing their financial statements. The auditor should report to the company board and also security Exchange Company.

Question 3.

The current reporting standards differ from the once which was there before the 1920s, in the following ways

There is now board control. This was not there and has helped in independence of auditors who report directly to the board

The size of the company has a made changes because initially, company would only disclose the balance sheet, but now they have to disclose cash flows, statement of compressive income

Need for dividend has also made it necessary for more disclosures since dividend cannot be declared from balance sheet but statement of compressive income

Question 4.

Companies initially issued audited balance sheet before the 1920s, but with changes in with more disclosures the company discloses other relevant statements such income statement, statement of changes in equity and cash flows. The need for dividend has made it a mandatory to disclose income statement

Question 5.

In the letter of engagement between auditor and client, the client should not disclose the users of the financial statement. This is because auditors are guided by the principle of the audit, and hence the have duty of care to all users of audited financial statements. This may at one point eliminate their responsibility to the privates parties, but with guidance of standards, they owe they due care

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The Canopic Jar of Amset

Ancient Egypt, also called the land of the Pharaohs, is among the countries with the oldest civilization in the entire world. The country’s greatest source of admiration is the monumental tombs, the pyramids, and the temples, decorated with relief and hieroglyphs (Unwrapping the Secrets of Ancient Egypt: Canopic Jars & Chests np). Their art and beauty as well as the preserved evidence, the mummies, contribute to the country’s great fascination. The Egyptians took special care of the dead so as to ensure that they would be able to make it to their material world. This was done due to their firm belief in the existence of an afterlife (Unwrapping the Secrets of Ancient Egypt: Canopic Jars & Chests np). The process included the making of the mummy with various ritual rites, so as to protect the body of the dead. This also entailed preservation of the other body parts in four different Canopic jars, which represented the four different gods. The jars were used as containers during the mummification process to hold the internal organs of the victims. The four Canopic jars had lids and stoppers that were shaped in different forms to represent various functions. The paper explains the functions of the Amsety Canopic jar and the materials selected from the jar in the nineteenth dynasty which determined their ability to portray movement after death.

Fig 1: The Canopic Jars

Canopic jars were just referred as embalming vessels or jars. Canopic is a modern term used that comes from the Canopus town situated in the Nile Delta. This was the place that the local god was known as a jar. However, the jar had no direct connection to the jars that were used for embalming, only that the term became popular.

The ancient Egyptians had strong believed on the dead. They believed that after a person passes on, their spirit will continue with the journey to live in eternity forever and the afterlife. Therefore, their bodies were well kept and preserved (Unwrapping the Secrets of Ancient Egypt: Canopic Jars & Chests np). There were various processes employed by the Egyptians during embalmment. This usually depended on the person’s status and wealth and the cost of preservation required. The brain was extracted through the nostril, using the special equipment after injection of a chemical preparation.   Part of the preservation process was to remove the internal organs which they believed the deceased did require on the journey to the afterlife. This was done by making incision in the body using a stone knife (Unwrapping the Secrets of Ancient Egypt: Canopic Jars & Chests np). They included the liver, intestines, lungs, and the stomach. The organs were differently treated and maintained according to their purpose and importance. Therefore, they believed that the organs were only required by the deceased in their afterlife. However, organs such as the brain were removed and thrown away as their purpose was not identified and understood (Unwrapping the Secrets of Ancient Egypt: Canopic Jars & Chests np). The heart which was vital to the deceased’s next life was left as it was the center of intelligence and soul (Unwrapping the Secrets of Ancient Egypt: Canopic Jars & Chests np) The organs were, therefore, mummified and preserved separately from the entire body and placed in canopic jars for protection (Unwrapping the Secrets of Ancient Egypt: Canopic Jars & Chests np). These was done by drying the body and staffing it with powder and covered with natron for seventy days before it was washed and carefully placed in a large coffin. The coffin was decorated with various sacred symbols with figures of the dos and goddesses. The cheaper alternative of mummification for poor people was the injection of the chemical before covering the body with natron (Treatment of the Dead – Animals and Belief – Ancient Egypt-Ancient Egypt np). The internal organs were then removed after seventy days so to retain bones, dried flesh, and the skin. However, the primary aim of mummification was purely for the transformation of the body into its new life and new existence, rather than to maintain it as it used to be in life (Treatment of the Dead – Animals and Belief – Ancient Egypt-Ancient Egypt np).

The canopic jars were then kept in canopic chests so as to offer extra protection. The culture of keeping the internal body organs in the canopic jars begun during the Old Kingdom up to the Ptolemaic period, however, the process of mummification changed slightly during the other period (Unwrapping the Secrets of Ancient Egypt: Canopic Jars & Chests). This was where the body organs were dried after removal and then returned inside the body afterward. Fake wooden jars were then placed and buried in the tomb so as to represent a basic protection of the canopic jars (Unwrapping the Secrets of Ancient Egypt: Canopic Jars & Chests). The organs, such as the liver, were dried using natron, a type of salt with high drying properties before they were wrapped and kept inside the Amset canopic jar, which was secured and guarded by a god, Imsety, the son of Horus. The god was also protected by the s different goddess, which was always depicted on the canopic chest. For Imsety who protected the liver, the separate goddess that protected it was called the Isis, who was the goddess of households, service, death, and night (Unwrapping the Secrets of Ancient Egypt: Canopic Jars & Chests np).

At the start of the 4th dynasty, the removal of the internal organs from the deceased became the most important step during burial and mummification (Treatment of the Dead – Animals and Belief – Ancient Egypt-Ancient Egypt np). The internal organs were deposited in a special place with the walls of the tomb after initially being soaked in linen with resin. Also, they could be kept in the tomb floor pits or a canopic jar which was a special compartment container (Treatment of the Dead – Animals and Belief – Ancient Egypt-Ancient Egypt np).

The Canopic jars were, therefore, used for the storage of internal body organs that were removed from the deceased for the purpose of preservation (Faulkner np). Only the heart was not removed as it was believed to contain the Ab characteristic of the soul. However, the removed body parts were still considered to be required by the dead in their afterlife. Therefore, they were sealed in the Canopic jars and kept in the Tomb (Seawright np).  The Canopic jars were shaped in the form of the four mummy-form sons of Horus (Treatment of the Dead – Animals and Belief – Ancient Egypt-Ancient Egypt).

The Amset Canopic jar in the ancient Egyptian mummification process was among the vessels used to keep internal organs, the liver (Mark np). The Amset jar represented the human-headed god of the south that was believed to guard the liver. Traditionally, the organ is placed in Amset’s jar.  Thus, our jar is an artifact from the nineteenth dynasty because it portrays the head of Amset (Seawright). The role of Amsety (Imsety) was to assist in revivifying the corpse of the dead person as according to Horus; he is asked to lift up. “You have come to me; betake yourself beneath him and lift up, do not be far from him, in your name of Imsety” (Faulkner np).

Fig 2 Amset Canopic jar Artist Unknown: Egypt, c. 1550 BCE – 1070 BCE Alabaster

According to him, to stand up means become active and hence alive, while prone means death (Seawright np).

Various Copious numbers of sets of jars survive from this period as they were frequently used to keep body organs (Mark). Before the nineteenth dynasty, the canopic jars were made from some raw materials such as wood, pottery, common stone, and even glazed composition. The styles of the materials differed with time (Unwrapping the Secrets of Ancient Egypt: Canopic Jars & Chests np). The tall wooden chests looked like shrines were painted with brightly on their sides with a crouching falcon at the top. Wooden canopic jars were often painted with gaudy colors and were found in several wooden models (Seawright np). However, they were coated with gesso that prepared them for pigments for painting.

The top drawing of the falcon represented Sokar, a goddess of the funeral, with various pictures ant the sides of the chest depicting the deceased worshipping Osiris, the goddess of the afterlife (Unwrapping the Secrets of Ancient Egypt: Canopic Jars & Chests). However, the paintings were not as perfect as they used to be initial as the culture and of the Egyptians were decaying with time due to civilization (Treatment of the Dead – Animals and Belief – Ancient Egypt-Ancient Egypt). The existence of several poor-model wooden jars was due to various factors including poverty of friends and relatives of the deceased, or simply the dishonesty of the person furnishing the funeral. The Canopic jars date from the old and the new kingdoms. From the New Kingdom, the Canopic jars or vessels were made with plain simple lids before adopting the human heads that represented the dead in the Middle Kingdom (Unwrapping the Secrets of Ancient Egypt: Canopic Jars & Chests np).

The New Kingdom canopic jars featuring the four sons of Horus. They included Hapy, the ape head that protected the lungs; Dwamutef, the jackal with the head of a jackal and guarded the stomach; and finally the Qebhsenuef, falcon-headed jar that protected the intestines; and finally our jar of focus, the Imsety, human head who guarded the liver. The early jars were kept inside a canopic chest that was buried with the corpse (Ancient Egypt: Canopic Jars).

Fig 3 Wooden Amseti canopic jar

During the nineteenth dynasty, materials that were applied in the design and creation of the jars ranged from alabaster to aragonite, sometimes blue or green porcelain was used (Seawright). These materials were stratified. Alabaster has white streaks parallel to each other. Aragonite has beautiful altering layers of brown and white veins. Green porcelain, while not stratified, has a network of dark green webs that crisscross the material (Seawright).

Fig 4 Blue Painted porcelain Amset Jar

Our jar happens to be in the medium of alabaster. Note the particular choice of how the artist chose to chisel the material. The layers of the alabaster are oriented horizontally instead of vertically, which is a design choice that emphasizes several aesthetic points (Unwrapping the Secrets of Ancient Egypt: Canopic Jars & Chests). First, the layers seem to be “overflowing” from the jar. Because of the random curvature of the mineral veins in the alabaster, the stone gives off a natural look (Ancient Egypt: Canopic Jars). This natural look combined with the domed shape of the jar itself contributes to a ‘waterfall’ effect, where the stone seems to be a fountain of white, where the streaks represent layers of water falling upon one another. The jar looks like it is a water fountain, with the head continuously spouting water and the water tumbling down the sides. It portrays movement (Unwrapping the Secrets of Ancient Egypt: Canopic Jars & Chests np).

Fig 5 Alabaster Amsety Canopic Jar

This water effect may or may not pay tribute to the aqueous journey across the river, usually river Nile, into the afterlife. Because the jar represents a flowing form of water, it may help the liver and thus the deceased and the soul in their journey into the eternal afterlife (Ancient Egypt: Canopic Jars). Of course, the canopic jars and specifically the Amset jar were made with a variety of materials, so this metaphor may not hold up under every circumstance. Instead, let us assume that the canopic jars were made out of stone –not wood, which is homogenous – but the stratified stone which as a raw material is already interesting. The stone provides beauty to the jar, where the eye has many things to consider (Unwrapping the Secrets of Ancient Egypt: Canopic Jars & Chests).  The randomness makes the finished jar product unpredictable. In other words, every single jar will be different because no single alabaster or porcelain stock is the same (Ancient Egypt: Canopic Jars np).

In conclusion, the ancient Egyptians respected ad had a great emphasis on death and afterlife. The ones that were in a position to afford it spend most of their time preparing for their end. This is depicted in the decorated tombs and a proper selection of the Amset jar and other canopic vessels to be used in the burial ceremony that was meant to ensure their safe journey to the other side. Nothing was more particular and important to the Egyptians than death and their preservation methods.

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